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The mould is in the main area of world development

Return list Reffer:NITONI Click number:- Release time:2018-05-07

1. the U.S.

In recent years, the us manufacturing industry has fallen into recession, manufacturing industry has shifted to the world, and the development of mould manufacturing industry has also been affected.In 2006, the total revenue of the U.S. special tools, molds and fittings was about $8.29 billion, and the total profit was 24.88%, $2.06 billion.The total value of imports and exports was $1.43 billion, and the major trading countries were: Japan $460m (32.07%);Canada $460 million (32.06%);Germany $130 million (9.39%);Mexico $65 million (4.58%);China's $45 million (3.18%).In 2006, the total import value was $1.01 billion, and the major importers were: Japan's $430 million (42.19%).Canada $2.96 billion (29.18%);Germany $110 million (10.87%);South Korea $36 million;China $30 million (2.93%).In 2006, the total value of exports was $3.87 billion, and the major exporters were Canada $1.6 billion (41.39%).Mexico $62 million (15.99%);UK $25 million (6.46%);Germany $20 million (5.05%);Japan $15 million (3.96 percent).The die and mould industry in the aspect of nc machine tools are strong: because the first car, bearing production requirements, fully developed a large number of large quantities of automatic line for production automation, and electronic and computer technology in the world's leading, so the numerical control machine host a solid design, manufacturing and CNC system, and has always attached importance to scientific research and innovation, so the high performance CNC machine tool technology also has been leading in the world.

2. Germany

Germany is one of the earliest engaged in mold manufacturing countries of Europe, after the second world war manufacturing industry has developed rapidly, make its mold manufacturing technique is becoming more and more excellent, more precision by global users affirmation, and enjoys a high reputation in the world, is one of the world's most important mold suppliers.According to the German machinery factory manufacturing association (VDMA) according to the mold factory quotient about 5000 or so, which belongs to the VDMA members mould enterprise with 90, this 90 mould enterprises output value accounted for 90% of German mold production, but the mold industrial structure still is given priority to with small and medium enterprises, manufacturers number of employees under 20 people accounted for eighty percent, the number of employees 20100 people by about 19%, the number of employees accounted for only 1% of over 100 people.According to the information released by ISTMA, Germany mould products generate accounted for about seven major European mould producer total products generate fifty percent, much higher than the second 2.2 billion euros in Italy, visible mold industry in Europe, Germany and even has a pivotal position in the world.Import and export countries, Germany imported mould main source of supply for Switzerland and the European Union countries, such as Italy, Switzerland, the Czech republic, countries such as France and Austria, which accounts for about one 5 of total but imports, Italy ranked first, also for rubber and plastic injection and compression molding and metal injection and compression molding the largest supplier of Swiss import share in time, for the maximum pressure, impact, collision play tool supplier.

Germany's main export areas still is given priority to with Europe, Switzerland since 1997, is Germany's leading exporter, but with the downstream products manufacturing base gradually moved to the eastern European countries including the Czech republic, Poland, Hungary and other countries, causing a huge growth in recent years the proportion of exports to the Czech republic, it also highlighted the trend of global manufacturing shift to emerging industrial countries.In mainland China in recent years, as Germany's third-largest exporter, total exports accounted for about 8.0%, as to export to other Asian markets, such as Japan, South Korea and Taiwan) the proportion of the amount is minimal.

The Germany still in Europe market, mold mold market also occupies an important position in the whole world, but in recent years by China and eastern Europe, such as the Czech republic, Hungary and other emerging new dig up a manufacturing base, facing the situation similar to another mold powers - Japan, originally rock-solid mold industry have loose phenomenon, associated with mold industry gradually moved to overseas factories in Germany.

3. Japan

In 1945 just after the Anti-Japanese War, Japan did not die and mould industry has been as an industry, with the increase of trade liberalization and imports, the country's mold enterprise into a very difficult position, the Japanese government began to realize the mould is one of the important products, decided to Japanese enterprise international competitiveness requires preferential policy support, thus to develop and implement the mechanical industrial revitalization of temporary CuoShiFa "(hereinafter referred to as" the method of vibration machine "), enacted in 1956, in 1961 and 1966, respectively, to extend the 5 years, and unified in 1971 and 1971 after the relevant laws and regulations,Officially expired in 1985."Machine vibration method" in the "mold manufacturing rationalization basic plan" put forward an operation process, namely against rationalization basic calculation model, from the mold enterprise to miti supplies don't original equipment modernization plan is put forward, after review the Japanese special development bank financing.According to statistics, the implementation of the "machine vibration method" began 5 years, 294 companies received about 11.2 billion yen with 6.5 percent special interest.Direct effect is that the mold enterprise significant increase in the number of production equipment, such as the 1958 Japanese mold, a total of 1164 enterprises, the average company's production equipment is 14.9, while by 1964 that figure increased to 23.6.The indirect effect is that the process of obtaining financing approval is itself closely related to the change of the management system and the financial ability of the mold enterprises.With the implementation of the "method of vibration machine" as an opportunity to Japan will die and mould industry was founded in 1957, and all kinds of information collected through the association activities, mould enterprise at home and abroad to contact information, results are obvious.To sum up, the Japanese government is not limited to unilateral measures, but more focused on guiding enterprises to enhance their core competitiveness.In view of this, the Japanese mould industry has achieved rapid development. According to the 1994 statistics of the international die association, the Japanese mold production value accounted for 43.4% of the total annual output value of the world's mold.

After the "plaza accord" in 1985, the appreciation of the Japanese yen had a great impact on the Japanese economy.Japan's manufacturing industry to transfer to southeast Asia in order to reduce costs, especially in 1993-1993, the fourth after the yen, Japan's small and medium-sized mould enterprise because of reduced orders, mould prices down, in deep crisis.From 1991 to 1991, suffer from Japan's domestic market demand as well as small and medium-sized enterprise operators absence or reason, Japan die mold manufacturer and employment decreased by 28% and 28% respectively in 15 years, mold production declines since 1997, the decline rate was 11%.For example, in 1998 Japan's mold output reached a peak of y18,70bn, and in 2006 it fell to y410bn.It can be concluded from the gross profit rate of the mold industry that the small and medium mold enterprises in Japan are undoubtedly affected by the industrial hollowing and the collapse of industrial clusters.

As Japan's large manufacturing enterprises such as mitsubishi, sharp, Honda, Toyota and other overseas big transfer of industry, Japanese mold enterprise to survival and development to expand overseas markets, use set mold enterprise abroad;Or joint ventures with local enterprises;Or send to oneself familiar mold enterprise and so on.As a result, in the field of general mold technology, the tendency of mechanical machining technology to replace mold skill is presented.As a result, China, South Korea's mould with price advantage increased exports to Japan, technology content in the perfection of die mold marketing field has become more Japanese small and medium-sized enterprise's main rival.The increase of mold exports at the same time, along with Japan, the Japanese mold enterprise set up the maintenance station in southeast Asian countries and enterprises provide toward the industry transfer of mould drawings for mold in the process of the localization of form a complete set, also caused the loss of mould technology and even the loss of part of mold market.

Because of this, Japanese mold companies have to focus on the production and technology upgrading of high-end moulds to avoid price competition.Namely, with small and exquisite, small and special technical accumulation as a source of competitiveness, prompting innovation needs of medium/small mould enterprises, build the sustainable development of environment, its characteristic is the flexible combination of correspondence and professional, with skilled people as main body, the advanced equipment and processing technology and integrating the traditional processing technology, and many varieties, small batch production mode is used to improve competitiveness.

4. Italy

Italian plastic rubber processing machinery and mould manufacturing industry is the Italian machinery manufacturing alliance one of ten special machinery manufacturing industry, has more than 500 patents of Europe, high degree of specialization, leading technology, product variety.Its output value accounted for 16.5% of the total output value of the ten industries of the machinery manufacturing union, 20% of the domestic market consumption, 13.8%, 15% and 13.4% of the trade balance respectively.

According to the Italian plastic rubber processing machinery and mould manufacturing industry association (ASSOCOMAPLAST), according to 2006 Italian plastic rubber processing machinery and mould manufacturing to achieve output value of 3.8 billion euros, spent 2.171 billion euros in the domestic market, export 2.268 billion euros, imported 589 million euros.In 2006, the trade surplus was 167.9 billion euros.

5. Portugal

The development of mold industry in Portugal started in 1943 and is leading in injection molding industry.By 1980, the mold products had been sold to more than 50 countries. At that time, there were 54 mould companies in the city of marinia grant, with 2,000 employees.

Currently, there are 300 enterprises in the mold industry, mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, most of which are located in the two cities of marinea grant and oliveira DE azemeesi, with a total employment of 7,500 people.Including Ma Li Virginia grant city has 190 mould enterprises (accounted for 63% of the national mold enterprise), employees 5000 people, oliveira jersey Michael o DE yi city has 86 mould enterprises (accounted for 29% of the national mold enterprise), employs 1600 people.

After more than half a century of development, the Portuguese mould enterprises have summarized and accumulated a lot of technical experience.Is generally believed that the Portuguese mold and die industry mainly depends on the improvement of the overall level of technology development, the reasonable production and quality control plan, constantly updated equipment, and strengthen professional investment and other factors.At present, in line with the management concept of process competition and overall quality, the company is the first to use high precision CNC equipment, and generally use CAD/CAM/CAE system in the process of mold design.Portuguese mold enterprise profits directly reinvested average proportion is as high as 18%, including the United States, Britain, South Korea, Japan and France, the international association of mold industry and special tools (ISTMA) members are in first place.With the development of technology and perfected, the Portuguese mold enterprise specialization degree unceasing enhancement, many enterprises have gradually to the mold, polishing, large mould or specific fields, such as high precision mould development.

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